Ms. Hemoprova Chutia

( Sculpture & Art )


Hemoprova Chutia born on September 22, 1955, is a renowned Indian handloom weaver and artist hailing from Dibrugarh, Assam. Her artistic journey is characterized by an exquisite array of creations, skillfully crafted from an eclectic mix of materials, including cotton, silk, wool, and meticulously cut bamboo. Hemoprova Chutia’s outstanding contributions to the world of art and weaving have earned her numerous accolades and honors, notably the prestigious Assam Gourav award bestowed upon her by the Government of Assam in 2022.

From Childhood Threads to Artistry: Hemoprova Chutia's Beginnings

In the picturesque village of Photikachowa Abhoypuria, nestled in the Dibrugarh district of Assam, a young girl named Hemoprova Chutia took her first steps towards a destiny intertwined with threads of artistry and cultural legacy. Born on September 22, 1955, Hemoprova's journey from childhood to becoming a renowned Indian handloom weaver is a testament to the indomitable spirit and innate talent that would shape her remarkable path.Hemoprova's introduction to the world of weaving was an organic one, deeply rooted in the traditions of her community. Growing up in a household where handlooms were as familiar as household furniture, she was immersed in the rhythmic cadence of looms and the intricate dance of threads. Her father, a primary school teacher, instilled in her a deep appreciation for education, while her mother, a skilled weaver herself, passed down the ancient art of handloom weaving.From a tender age, Hemoprova was drawn to the loom like a moth to a flame. Her nimble fingers deftly navigated the warp and weft, gradually transforming raw silk into intricate patterns that danced across the fabric.What began as childhood curiousness soon bloomed into a scorching passion, as she devoted herself to learning the nuances of this time- honored craft.

Hemoprova Chutia
Hemoprova Chutia padma shri

Assamese Elegance: Exploring Handloom Weaving

Weaving holds a cherished place in the heart of Assam, illuminating the rich tapestry of Assamese culture and heritage. Assamese women, skilled in the art of weaving, bring to life intricate floral and geometric designs in their fabrics. In nearly every Assamese household, one could find one or more looms, where masterpieces of diverse designs and styles came to life.

Traditionally, the creation of clothing in Assam relied heavily on the laborious craft of hand weaving. Assamese women nurtured silk-producing worms, extracting silk threads from their cocoons, and expertly weaving garments. Cotton was also transformed into threads for this purpose. However, the advent of British colonial rule brought about transformative changes in Assam’s clothing landscape.

With the British era came the introduction of cost-effective, factory-made garments. Assamese people, once self-sufficient in clothing production, began adopting these British-manufactured clothes, gradually distancing themselves from their rich tradition of spinning and weaving.

Yet, during the Indian National Movement, there was a resurgence of interest in home-based spinning and weaving, particularly in the Brahmaputra valley, spurred by the initiatives of the Indian National Congress. This movement aimed to rekindle the fading tradition of weaving in Assam. The adoption of Swadeshi or Khaddar clothes and the boycott of foreign garments emerged as significant ideals within the Indian National Congress during India’s struggle for independence, reasserting the importance of indigenous clothing traditions.

This resurgence reinforced a sense of pride in the age-old craft of weaving, as it became intricately linked with the larger movement for independence. The act of weaving, once a household chore, now held a newfound significance as a symbol of self-sufficiency and resistance against foreign influence.

The weavers of Assam became torchbearers of a cultural renaissance, demonstrating the enduring relevance of traditional crafts in a rapidly changing world. Their looms echoed with the spirit of a nation striving for self-reliance and identity. Through their intricate work, they wove not only threads of fabric but also threads of unity and resilience that would become emblematic of India’s struggle for freedom.

Today, as we look back at Assam’s weaving heritage, we are reminded of the profound impact of individuals and communities who preserved and championed this craft. Their dedication ensured that weaving remained an integral part of Assamese culture, passing down a legacy of artistry and craftsmanship from generation to generation.

In the looms of Assam, we find a reflection of a nation’s history, resilience, and the unwavering spirit of its people. The intricate threads they wove tell a story of cultural continuity and adaptability, showcasing the enduring beauty of tradition in the face of change. Assam’s weaving tradition is not just a craft; it is a living testament to the strength of a people and their ability to shape their destiny through the work of their hands


The Historical Perspective of Handloom Industry in Assam:

Assam, a state steeped in tradition, boasts a globally acclaimed silk industry that is as diverse as it is renowned. At the heart of this industry lies muga silk, a golden treasure unique to this region, revered for its unparalleled prestige. Alongside muga, Assam is also home to paat and eri silks, with eri being particularly favored for its suitability in crafting warm attire. Among these, muga silk holds a special distinction, owing to its naturally rich golden hue, making it India's finest wild silk, found exclusively in the lush landscapes of Assam.The art of weaving in Assam is a practice steeped in centuries of tradition, where skilled women work their looms to create intricate tapestries of artistry. In days of yore, a young girl's eligibility for marriage often rested on her proficiency in this ancient craft, underscoring Assam's significance as India's hub for handlooms and weavers. The mastery of these artisans finds exquisite expression in the fabrics they produce, bearing names like 'Eri,' 'Muga,' and 'Pat,' which together showcase one of the world's most exceptional artistic traditions.In the present day, Assam's time-honored handloom silks continue to flourish in global markets, surpassing their factory-made counterparts. These silks stand out for their opulent textures, intricate designs, and unmatched individuality. Each handwoven silk piece is a unique creation, bearing the imprint of the weaver's personality, hereditary expertise, and innate artistic sensibility.India, in contemporary times, has emerged as a leading exporter of various silks to Western Europe and the United States, particularly for the creation of exclusive furnishing fabrics. Boutiques, fashion houses, designers, and interior decorators have the privilege to commission custom-woven fabrics in their preferred designs, weaves, and colors. The result is an exclusive product that is challenging to replicate, reflecting the unmatched artistry and craftsmanship of Assamese weavers.Beyond Assam's exquisite silks, the state is a treasure trove of invaluable tribal weaves. The Mirijim, for instance, finds its purpose in blankets, mattresses, and floor coverings, leaving an indelible mark on the cultural landscapes of Majuli and northeastern Assam. Shawls from Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao districts, along with bamboo and cotton Lasingphee blankets from southern Assam's Cachar district, further contribute to the rich tapestry of Assam's textile heritage.In essence, the intricate threads of Assam's silk legacy continue to weave a compelling story of cultural richness and artistic brilliance. It's a story of heritage and invention, of professed hands and innovative minds, all coming together to produce some of the world's most sought- after textiles. The heritage lives on, a testament to the enduring creativity and artificer of the crafters of Assam.

Acknowledging Achievement: Hemoprova Chutia's Honors

In 2023, Hemoprova Chutia was honored with the prestigious Padma Shri award in New Delhi for her remarkable contributions to the field of Art, presented by the President of India, Droupadi Murmu.  In 2021, she was the proud recipient of the Assam Gaurav award, one of the most esteemed civilian accolades presented by the Government of Assam.  From 2018 to 2020, Hemoprova Chutia garnered a series of accolades, including the Aai Kanaklata Award, Bakul Bon Award, and the State Government’s Handloom and Textile Award, all in recognition of her exceptional weaving talents and contributions.


In the shade of societal change,Ms. Hemoprova Chutia’s story stands as a shining thread, weaving together compassion, education, and advocacy. Her insuperable spirit continues to inspire generations, reminding us that indeed in the face of adversity, one person can enkindle a lamp of stopgap and metamorphosis.

Chutia’s unvarying determination serves as an eternal wellspring of alleviation, a living testament to the belief that in the most grueling times, a solitary existence can inflame a guiding light of stopgap and change for generations to come. Her heritage is a poignant memorial that every trouble, no matter how modest, carries the implicit eventuality to ripple through time, leaving an enduring mark on the world. Her story stands as an enduring lamp, illuminating the path towards a better, more inclusive future. Through her inexhaustible trials, she has demonstrated that the power to instigate meaningful change resides within each of us, staying to be exercised for the betterment of society. Hemoprova Chutia’s impact transcends temporal and geographical boundaries; it’s a living testament to the eventuality within each of us to leave an unforgettable mark on the world. Her trip is a testament to the bottomless eventuality of the existent, showing that indeed amidst the most grueling circumstances, one person’s determination and compassion can be the catalyst for positive metamorphosis, reverberating across generations. Her heritage will continue to inspire and empower individualities to believe in the power of their own conduct to shape a brighter future for all.